Fidel Castro, dead at 90
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926)
is the outgoing President of Cuba. He came to power
in 1959 in an armed revolution that overthrew the
dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, and was shortly
thereafter sworn in as the Prime Minister of Cuba.
In 1965 he became First Secretary of the Communist
Party of Cuba and led the transformation of Cuba
into a one-party socialist republic. In 1976 he became
president of the Council of State as well as of the
Council of Ministers. He also held the supreme
military rank of Comandante en Jefe ("Commander
in Chief") of the Cuban armed forces. On July 31,
2006, after undergoing intestinal surgery for
diverticulitis, he transferred his responsibilities to
the First Vice-President, his younger brother Raul
Castro. On February 19, 2008, five days before his
current mandate expired, he announced he would
neither seek nor accept a new term as either
president or commander-in-chief.
Castro first attracted attention in Cuban political life
through nationalist critiques of Batista and the
United States political and corporate influence in
Cuba. He gained an ardent, but limited, following
and also drew the attention of the authorities. He
eventually led the failed 1953 attack on the Moncada
Barracks, after which he was captured, tried,
incarcerated and later released. He then travelled
to Mexico to organize and train for the guerrilla
invasion of Cuba that took place in December 1956.
Since his assumption of power in 1959 Castro has
evoked both praise and condemnation (at home and
internationally). Opponents characterize Castro as a
dictator, claiming that he has not risen to power
through open, public elections, and some contend
that his rule is illegitimate because the socialist
system itself was not established through what they
considered to be legal means. Supporters, on the
other hand, see Castro as a charismatic leader
whose presidential authority has been acquired through legitimate elections.
Outside of Cuba, Castro has been defined by his relationship with the United States and the former Soviet Union, both of whom courted
Cuban attentions as part of their own global political agenda. While Cuba's relations with countries of the Soviet bloc were generally
cordial during the Cold War, the Castro-led government has had an antagonistic relationship with the United States since the failed Bay
of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961 by U.S.-backed forces.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and Cuba's one major Latin American ally, Nicaragua, in the early 1990s, the Cuban
government found itself in a precarious spot. However, in recent years, Castro has found new regional allies in Latin America. Regional
Socialist and nationalist figures such as Hugo ChÃ¡vez in Venezuela and Evo Morales in Bolivia have been ready allies. Castro also
holds currently the title of Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement (his second term in that office, the first having been 1979-
Muere el líder cubano Fidel Castro
Por CNN Español
(CNN Español) - El líder de la Revolución cubana Fidel Castro falleció este viernes a los 90 años, según reportaron los medios
El presidente de Cuba Raúl Castro informó que su hermano Fidel murió este viernes a las 10:29, hora local, y que sus restos serán
cremados por su expresa voluntad.
La última aparición pública de Castro fue el 13 de agosto en su cumpleaños 90. Abandonó el poder en julio de 2006, por problemas de
“Querido pueblo de Cuba, con profundo dolor compadezco para informar a nuestro pueblo, a los amigos de nuestra América y del
mundo que hoy, 25 de noviembre de 2016, a las 10:29 horas de la noche falleció el comandante en jefe de la Revolución Cubana, Fidel
Castro Ruz", dijo su hermano Raúl en una alocución.
"En cumplimiento de la voluntad expresa del compañero Fidel, sus restos serán cremados. En las primeras horas de mañana sábado
26, la Comisión Organizadora de los Funerales brindará a nuestro pueblo una información detallada sobre la organización del
homenaje póstumo que se le tributará al fundador de la Revolución Cubana. ¡Hasta la victoria, siempre!”, añadió.
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